The lack of deaths in the Cemetery of Choice from the first third of the 19th century is due to how news coverage was written about abortion deaths. Criminal abortions were typically referred to obliquely, while the word "abortion" was used either to denote a miscarriage or an abysmal failure of any kind. Thus, news archive searches for abortion deaths during that period produce few usable clues. These deaths tend to come across my notice entirely by accident.



Women's Stories from the 19th Century
Explore More by Time Frame
All Deaths by Name
The 1830s
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The 1840s
  • Caroline Clark, June 11, 1843 Age: 18
    • Unidentified perpetrator, Detroit, MI
  • Mary Ackerly January 20, 1846 Age: 19
    • Dr. Seth Shove, New York
  • Ann Gallager, March 25, 1848 Age: 20
    • Unverified self-induced, Boston, MA
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The 1850s
  • Mary Stone, October 15, 1854 Age: 26
    • Oil of tansy, Connecticut
  • Elizabeth Morris, 1855
    • Unspecified perpetrator, Washington, DC
  • Catharine DeBreuxal, February 20, 1856 Age: 17
    • Dr. Charles Cobel, New York
  • Emma Post, June 11, 1857 Age: 20
    • Dr. Lewis Dix, Boston, MA
  • Martha Lockdoy, September 1857 Age: 18
    • Mrs. Halm, undetermined profession, Albany, NY
  • Olive Ash, January 29, 1858 Age: 19
    • Dr. William Howard, Bradford, VT
  • Jemima Beneway, February 13, 1858 Age: 21
    • Milton Gray, profession undetermined, Brooklyn, NY
  • Ann Regan, August 14, 1858 Age: 18
    • Unknown perpetrator, Indiana
  • Mary Kirkpatrick, 1859 Age: 16
    • Abortifacient provided by lover, New Jersey
  • Mary Visscher, September 3, 1859
    • Dr. Elizabeth Byrns or Dr. Mary Smith, Brooklyn, NY
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The 1860s
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The 1870s
  • Mary Donigan, February 6, 1870 Age: 22
    • Unidentified perpetrator, Brooklyn, NY
  • Matilda Henningsen, May 20, 1870
    • A.A. Wolff, profession unverified, New York
  • Henrietta Ullman June 12, 1870
    • Dr. Michael Wolff, New York, NY
  • Mary Ann Lafavor, August 23, 1870 Age: 15
    • Abortifacient, Minnesota
  • Mary Geary, November 1, 1870 Age: 17
    • Dr. Evans, New York
  • Eugenie Chauvet, November 10, 1870 Age: 22
    • Dr. C. C. O'Donnell, San Francisco, CA
  • Addie Hand, February 7, 1871 Age: 20
    • Dr. C. C. O'Donnell, San Francisco, CA
  • Alice Bowlsby
    • AliceBowlsbyHeadshot.jpg
    • August 26, 1871 Age: 25
    • Dr. Jacob Rosenzweig, New York, NY
  • Mary Russell, September 4, 1871 Age: 22
    • Lay abortionist Mrs. Burns, New York
  • Amanda McCoy, December 22, 1871
    • Dr. Fahlsbusch, Chicago, IL
  • Sarah Hall, April 6, 1873 Age: c. 31
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Chicago, IL
  • Mrs. Lewis Muncie, August 13, 1873
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Cleveland, OH
  • Ida Vail, October 5, 1873 Age: 19
    • Lay abortionist Marcella Metzler, Jersey City, NJ
  • Josephine LeClear, April 19, 1874 Age: 24
    • Dr. Haven, Norwich, NY
  • Mary Dix, November 30, 1874 Age: 25
    • Dr. W. T. AIken, Chicago, IL
  • Christine Seifred, December 16, 1874 Age: c. 34
    • Midwife Johanna White, Brooklyn, NY
  • Antoinette Fennor March 7, 1875 Age: 20
    • Midwife Catherine Maxwell, New York, NY
  • Annie Curtis, March 16, 1875 Age: 28
    • Midwife Annie Ihl, New York, NY
  • "Agatha" Bertram, June, 1875
    • Abortifacient, Long Island, NY
  • Mary Foorman November 11, 1875 Age: 19
    • Dr. J. F. McIlwain, Indianapolis, IN
  • Alphia Robinson, February 12, 1876 Age: 18
    • Dr. J. F. Houser, West Branch, Iowa
  • Matilda Baringer, May 17, 1876 Age 34
    • Midwife Johanna White, New York, NY
  • Mary Fuller May 30, 1876 Age: 25
    • Fanny Drake, possibly a physician, Boston, MA
  • Sarah Sullivan, May 30, 1876 Age: 18
    • Fanny Drake, possibly a physician, Boston, MA
  • Margaretta Velth, August 16, 1876
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Brooklyn, NY
  • Sarah Jane Beaver, October 28, 1876 Age: 15
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Quincy, IN
  • Mary Hermann, November 3, 1876 Age: 19
    • Midwife Johanna White, Brooklyn, NY
  • Augusta Boschen, July 26, 1877
    • Dr. Muleck, Chicago, IL
  • Nellie Ryan, October 12, 1877 Age: 21
    • Dr. (Midwife?) Amelia Spork, Chicago, IL
  • Maggie Gibbons, January 2, 1878 Age: 19
    • Dr. Thomas F. Smith, St. Louis, MO
  • Rosa Device, May 5, 1878 Age: c. 26
    • Undetermined perpetrator, New York, NY
  • Ann E. Roberts, December 3, 1878 Age: 25
    • Lay abortionist, William Stapp, St. Louis, MO
  • Cora Sammis, February 11, 1879 Age: 21
    • Lay abortionist Bertha Berger, Brooklyn, NY
  • Jennie Clark, February 25, 1879
    • Dr. Caroline Goodrich, Boston, MA
  • Jennie Fouts, May 24, 1879 Age 20
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Cincinnati, OH
  • Elizabeth Foley November 8, 1879
    • Dr. Franklin Brooks, Chicago, IL
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The 1880s
  • Mary McCarty, January, 1880 Age: 30
    • Dr. Banks, Pine Island, MN
  • Anna Clemens, April 6, 1880 Age: 26
    • Dr. William G. Cox, Detroit, MI
  • Sophia Berghusen, April 28, 1880 Age: 33
    • Midwives Mary and Margaret Kaufmann, Brooklyn, NY
  • Mary Faulkner August 20, 1880
    • Dr. Thomas J. Cream, Chicago, IL
  • Mary Maber Height, March 7, 1881 Age: 20
    • Boyfriend/Medical Student Vincent Height, Peekskill, NY
  • Marie Boyens, September 11, 1881 Age: 26
    • Dr. Henry B. Upton, Chicago, IL
  • Elizabeth Fitzgerald December 9, 1881 Age 26
    • Dr. Elisha Leach, New York, NY
  • Ruth Phillips, June 25, 1882 Age: 20
    • Father, James T. Phillips, Wisconsin
  • Gussie Ellergood, July 1, 1882
    • Dr. Robert McWilliams, St. Louis, MO (?)
  • Minnie Darage, October 17, 1882 Age: 20
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Chicago, IL
  • Elizabeth Holstein, November 15, 1882 Age: 23
    • Dentist George Buchanan, Philadelphia, PA
  • Adeline Savroch, January 29, 1883
    • Midwife Bertha Twachaus, Chicago, IL
  • Kittie O'Toole
    • KittieOtooleTN.jpg
    • February 18, 1883 Age: 28
    • Dr. C. H. Orton, Milwaukee, WI (?)
  • Julia Renacheve, May 16, 1883 Age: 21
    • Midwife Sylvia Webster, Chicago, IL
  • Mrs. Evans,February, 1884
    • Dr. Alonzo R. Sherman, Rochester, NY
  • Lottie Hudson, May 11, 1884 Age: 20
    • Undetermined perpetrator, Chicago, IL
  • Mary Rice, June 4 or 5, 1884
    • Unnamed perpetrator, Quincy, IL
  • Lizzie Cook, July 27, 1884 Age: 25
    • Dr. Ira Richmond, Lockport, NY
  • Annie Dier, 1885
    • Dr. Guildford, Boston, MA
  • Sylvia Sawdy, December 23, 1885 Age: 21
    • Boyfriend Harry McDowell, Grand Rapids, MI
  • Sadie Taylor, January 1, 1886 Age: 23
    • Dr. Guilford, Lynn, MA
  • Bertie Hammarmiller, January 4, 1887 Age: 19
    • Boyfriend Fred C. Dethloff, Chicago, IL
  • Louise Derchow, August 21, 1887 Age: 23
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, San Francisco, CA
  • Rosina Doerr, September 5, 1887 Age: 34
    • Midwife Minnie Wegener, San Francisco, CA
  • Abbie Richards, June 2, 1888 Age: 19
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, San Francisco, CA
  • Annie Dories, June 26, 1888 Age: 16
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, San Francisco, CA
  • Mary Schneller, July 8, 1888 Age: 23
    • Dr. Frances Murray-Blumaer (?), Portland, OR
  • Emma Dep, August 24, 1888
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, San Francisco, CA
  • Mrs. George Libby, November 28, 1888 Age: 18
    • Abortifacient from traveling medicine salesman, Wahpeton, the Dakota Territories
  • Kitty Cody, January 16, 1889 Age: 22
    • Unverified self-induced with abortifacient and unspecified instrument, Brooklyn, NY
  • Mary Bellville, March 8, 1889 Age: 22
    • Self-induced, Lewistown, MT
  • Delia Mae Bell, March 26, 1889 Age: 14
    • Abortifacient provided by bartender, Birmingham, AL
  • Minnie Broderick, April 7, 1889 Age: 25
    • Unidentified perpetrator, Minneapolis, MN
  • Annie Doran, July 12, 1889 Age 24
    • Suspected self-induced, Chicago, IL
  • Nellie Martin, August 10, 1889 Age: 20
    • Dr. Harry S. Harper, Cambridge, MA
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The 1890s
  • Mary Keegan, February 16, 1890
    • Annie Schneider, profession unknown, Chicago, IL
  • Minnie Deering, January 25, 1891 Age 23
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, Chicago, IL
  • Ida Shaddock
    • IdaShaddockTN.jpg
    • March 31, 1891 Age: 17
    • Dr. Samuel Hall, San Francisco, CA
  • May Parmenter, June 10, 1891 Age: 21
    • Unspecified doctor, Athol, MA
  • Nancy Hildinger, December 15, 1891 Age: 32
    • Unidentified perpetrator, Pittsburgh, PA
  • Tillie Thor, December 22, 1891 Age: 21
    • Dr. Franklin Brooks, Chicago, IL
  • "Penelope", February 29, 1892 Age: 24
    • Verified self-induced with medical dilator, Maryland
  • Sophia Kuhn, September 25, 1892 Age: 30
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, Chicago, IL
  • Emily Anderson, December 12, 1892 Age: 32
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, Chicago, IL
  • Bertha Kern, January 30, 1893 Age: 21
    • Midwife Caroline Kraft, New York, NY
  • Emma Hub, April 24, 1893 Age: 19
    • Lay abortionist Billy Nickens, Illinois
  • Ada Hawk, August 25, 1893 Age: 17
    • Possible amateur or self-induced, Missouri
  • Clara Mathews, September 17, 1893
    • Dr. Joseph von Werthen, San Francisco, CA
  • Emily Hall, February 6, 1895
    • Dr. J.D. Seaman, Detroit, MI
  • Mary Gibson, March 6, 1896 Age: 22
    • Midwife Lena Schott, New York, NY
  • Emily Binney, April 7, 1896 Age: 20
    • Midwife Mary Schott, New York, NY
  • Hannah Carlson, July 1, 1896 Age: 20
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, Chicago, IL
  • Clara Belle Sutliff, February 13, 1897 Age: 29
    • Dr. Lacy Bobo, Iowa
  • Ida Coakley, November 22, 1897 Age: 24
    • Dr. Samuel Hall, Irvington, CA
  • Nellie Ryan, March 9, 1898
    • Midwife Lena Schott, New York, NY
  • Hughretta Binkley
    • HughrettaBinkleyTN.png
    • April 19, 1898 Age: 27
    • Dr. Belle Howard, Peoria, IL
  • Ida Bates, 1899
    • Lay abortionist Helen Gibbs, Amboy, IL
  • Caroline Schroeder, January 21, 1899 Age: 28
    • Midwife Theresa Muenster, Chicago, IL
  • Harriet Reece, March 16, 1899 Age: 25
    • Dr. James W. Aiken, Tennessee
  • Nora Gates, March 25, 1899
    • Unidentified perpetrator, Nebraska
  • Sarah Messinger, April 25, 1899 Age: 30
    • Marie Kampfer, profession not indicated, Chicago, IL
  • Cora Burke, June 23, 1899 Age: 20
    • Dr. J.J. Alcorn, Kootenai County, ID
  • Antonie Vacicek, August 16, 1899 Age: 35
    • Unverified perpetrator, Chicago, IL
  • Marie Hecht, September 2, 1899 Age: 23
    • Dr. Lucy Hagenow, Chicago, IL
  • Mary Kakacek, September 23, 1899 Age: 29
    • Midwife Annie Stanek, Chicago, IL
  • Mary Farwig, November 4, 1899 Age: 28
    • Dr. Garrett D. Leach, Indianapolis, IN

* The Colonial Era