On July 26, 1877, Augusta Boschen, wife of cooper John Boschen, was found dead in the Chicago home and office of Dr. Muleck from complications of an illegal abortion. She had left her house the previous night and was never seen alive again.

Dr. Muleck fled to avoid arrest. Before leaving, he left a letter for his wife saying that he had not performed the abortion, but had just provided Augusta with the instruments, "she being so bashful and modest as not to allow him to do the work. When Augusta went into convulsions, he said, he'd concluded that she was going to die and skipped town. "The scoundrel of a doctor has not yet been caught, and hence the evidence was meagre."